Teachers' toolkit for creating and re-purposing OER using FOSS/Annexure
The Annexure to the toolkit provides a training plan for a 3 day workshop to transact this toolkit for a group of teachers. It is possible to transact the toolkit contents at one stretch over three days. Alternatively, the three days could be spaced out over period, this would allow participants to work on the OER creation and re-purposing using the different FOSS applications that they have learnt in one session, and present the OER in the next interaction. Each session could also have discussions on the problems faced by the teachers while working on the OER creation during the interim period and solutions to address these.
The Annexure also provides details of the FOSS applications used in this toolkit, including user manuals and tutorials and references for additional reading. The Annexure provides alternative software applications on platforms other than the Ubuntu GNU/Linux system - this includes the Windows Operating system on your desktop, Android system on your mobile phone and the Web).
A list of resources referred to, in making this toolkit, is provided in the Annexure.
Training plan for a 3 day workshop on the toolkit
A three day (3 days is the minimum period required for a training program on the toolkit, longer periods will give more time for practice and participant presentation cum review of the OER created using the FOSS tools) plan for training teachers on the toolkit is provided in the table below. The following points govern this plan:
- Each day has been divided into 4 sessions, two pre-lunch and two post-lunch to keep it simple. Each session can be around 1.5 to 2 hours, the flexibility is required to cater to diverse learner contexts.
- The content for each session should be taken from the relevant chapters of the toolkit
- The training methodology should be a mix of demonstration/presentation by faculty, hands-on session for participants followed by a review of each session. If the workshop can be planned over 4-5 days, then there can be a sharing and feedback session after each OER session is complete. Participants can either work alone, or in teams of 2-3 participants. If participants work in teams, they can support collaborative working/learning on one topic per team. Teams can also provide feedback to OER created/presented by other teams.
- Assessment consists of session-wise participant feedback, collected at the end of the workshop, portfolio created by the participants (PDL) and published on-line. Faculty can evaluate the portfolios and provide qualitative feedback to the participants for further improvement. Peer feedback from other participants can also be quite useful, this may require more time.
|Day||Session||Topic||Session Plan detailing|
|1||1||Objectives of workshop||Objectives, agenda, methodology, outcomes|
|1||2||Basics of ICT||Principles of FOSS and OER - copyright, licensing. Introduction to a Free and Open Environment - Ubuntu and applications
Technology for creating and connecting. Accessing the internet - global digital library. A tour of OER repositories available
|1||3||Creating a Text OER 1||Identify a topic (or topics) on which participant will develop a OER over this course.
Accessing Text OER, Creating a Personal Digital Library (folder, sub-folders and text document)
Creating a concept map on identified topic with Freeplane.
|1||4||Creating a Text OER 2||Adding to the Personal Digital Library document and folders
Creating text document and slide presentation with LibreOffice Writer and Impress, on identified topic
|2||1||Creating a Image OER||Accessing Image OER
Creating image OER with Screen shot, Tux Paint on identified topic
Enriching the Personal Digital Library document and folders
|2||2||Combining text and images to create OER||Editing images, creating images using GIMP. Adding text to images
Combining images, photographs with text documents to create OER, on identified topic
|2||3||Creating an Audio OER||Accessing Audio OER. Adding to the Personal Digital Library document and folders
Editing audio files with Audacity
|2||4||Creating a Video OER 1||Accessing Video OER,
Creating video OER with RecordMyDesktop. Enriching the Personal Digital Library document and folders
|3||1||Creating a Video OER 2||Creating video resources with OpenShot.
Finalising the text OER with multiple media embedded and linked
Finalising the Personal Digital Library document and folders
|3||2||Role of community in OER creation||Participant presentation of their PDL
Sharing of OER, feedback, review and revision of OER in true OER spirit
How teacher communities can support and benefit from OER creation
|3||3||Publishing the OER on-line||Creating ids on the OER repositories and uploading text, image, audio and video OER. Working on one Wikipedia page in English and in native language.
Creating a WordPress id and uploading all OER created and re-purposed on a page on the WordPress site.
|3||4||Closure||Presentation of OER and feedback. Review of workshop, sharing experiences, learnings and insights. Formal feedback|
FOSS applications used in the tool-kit
|No||Category||Name||File format||More information (Wikipedia)||Application Home Page|
|2||Text OER||LibreOffice Writer||.odt||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LibreOffice_Writer||https://libreoffice.org/Main_Page|
|3||Text OER||LibreOffice Impress||.odp||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LibreOffice||https://libreoffice.org/Main_Page|
|5||Image OER||Tux Paint||.png||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tux_Paint||http://tuxpaint.org|
|7||Animation OER||Tux Paint||.png||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tux_Paint||http://tuxpaint.org|
Tutorials and User manuals for FOSS applications used in the tool-kit
|1||Text OER||Freeplane||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AKt9Bm9krBM**||User manual is available within the application, click on Help or press F1|
|2||Text OER||LibreOffice Writer||https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL94682FC0D2ADF410**, http://spoken-tutorial.org/tutorial-search/?search_foss=LibreOffice+Suite+Writer&search_language=English||https://help.libreoffice.org/Writer/Welcome_to_the_Writer_Help|
|3||Text OER||LibreOffice Impress||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vR7yVoPn2bs**, http://spoken-tutorial.org/tutorial-search/?search_foss=LibreOffice+Suite+Impress&search_language=English||https://help.libreoffice.org/Impress/Instructions_for_Using_Impress|
|4||Image OER||Screenshot||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ki4SBEkwmM0**||Documentation is available on the Screenshot application interface itself, as a 'Help' button.|
|5||Image OER||Tux Paint||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O6hKk-0dzKA**, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJcQzGrS9So||http://www.wikihow.com/Use-Tux-Paint-with-Your-Kids|
|7||Animation OER||Tux Paint||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O6hKk-0dzKA**, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJcQzGrS9So**||http://www.wikihow.com/Use-Tux-Paint-with-Your-Kids|
**These videos are free to view but not to re-use and modify.
FOSS alternatives on other platforms
*These applications are freeware but not free software.
- Hatakka, M. (2009). Build it and they will come? - Inhibiting factors for reuse of open content in developing countries. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries, 37(5), 1-16. Retrieved from http://www.ejisdc.org/ojs2/index.php/ejisdc/article/viewFile/545/279
- Kanwar, A., Kodhandaraman B. & Umar A. (2010). Toward sustainable Open Education Resources: A perspective from the Global South. The American Journal of Distance Education, 24(2), 65-80. DOI: 10.1080/08923641003696588.
- Kumar, K. (1988). Origins of India’s “textbook culture”. Comparative Education Review 32(4), 452-464. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/1188251?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
- Mishra, P. & Koehler, M.J. (2006). Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: A framework for teacher knowledge. Teachers College Record, 108(6), 1017-1054. Retrieved from http://punya.educ.msu.edu/publications/journal_articles/mishra-koehler-tcr2006.pdf
- ROER4D Research Concepts Note. Retrieved from ROER4D portal https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Iz1kVC4CYLFJBtZNm2o5ziFJKW96SjtNjhWHfTKKkbI/edit
- Rothberg, R.A. (1985). Improving school climate and reducing teacher isolation [Abstract]. Retrieved from http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED270855.
- Sharma, R. . Subject Teacher Forums and the Karnataka Open Educational Resources Programme - A Case Study, in Vignettes of Selected Asian Experience. WOU Press. 2016. Edited by G. Dhanarajan. ISBN 978-983-3910-02-1 (ePub)
The Teachers' toolkit for creating and re-purposing OER using FOSS tools is licensed under CC BY 4.0 license