Learn Audacity

From Open Educational Resources
Jump to: navigation, search

ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ನೋಡಿ

Introduction

Audacity is a free and open source multi-track audio editor and recorder for GNU/Linux, Windows, Mac OS X and other operating systems. Audacity is a high-quality sound recording application, designed to be easy to use. We recommend Audacity to most computer users, because it is simple but it has many features and capabilities.

Basic information

ICT Competency It is a generic audio resource creation and editing tool.
Educational application and relevance You can use this tool to create own voice recordings, modify existing audio recordings as per your academic requirements. You can mix multiple audio's together to create educational resources.
Version Audacity Version 2.4.2
Other similar applications
  1. OcenAudio is a cross-platform audio editor.
  2. Wavosaur is a free sound editor, audio editor, wav editor software for editing, processing and recording sounds, wav and mp3 files.
  3. Traverso DAW is an audio recording and editing program which is very well suited to record a single voice, a band, an ensemble, a whole orchestra or any other source of music!

And Ardour, Qtractor, or Rosegarden tools can be used for audio resource creation.

The application on mobiles and tablets Ringdroid, using Fdroid -

WavePad Audio Editor, using Google Play store

Development and community help Audacity Team

Overview of Features

  • Importing and exporting of wav, aiff, mp3, ogg Vorbis file formats.
  • Recording and playing back sounds.
  • Editing via cut, copy, and paste, with unlimited levels of undo.

Installation

For MS Windows
  1. Go to this link and click on "Audacity windows Installer" to download .exe file, save this file in your computer.
  2. You can save Audacity executable (.exe) to your desktop or to a folder
  3. Double-click on Audacity executable to begin the installation
    1. Click "Yes" when asked. "Do you want to allow this app from an unkown publisher to make changes to your PC?".
    2. Choose "English" when asked to select the language to use during installation and click OKAY.
    3. Close any other open programs before clicking "Next >" in the audacity Installation window.
    4. Read the information section on licenses, Click "Next >"
    5. Click "Next >" on the Select Destination installer window, Click "Next >" in the "Desktop Icon" screen.
    6. Click "Install" The installation wizard will now show a progerss bar during the installation

Note: After you installed Audacity in your windows computer, you need to install this this .mp3 plugin to export your audio in mp3 format. Without installing this you can able export audio in .ogg, .wav and any other audio format.

For Ubuntu
  1. The application is part of the Ubuntu custom distribution.
  2. In case you do not find it on your computer, you can install by typing Audacity on the top search bar in the Software Centre.
  3. If you would like to install through the terminal follow these steps below:
    1. Open terminal by clicking Applications->System Tools->Terminal or through Keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Alt+T
    2. In the terminal window, type below command and press enter to start the installation by providing your machine password:
    3. sudo apt-get install audacity
For MACOS
  1. Go to this link and click on "Audacity macOS DMG" to download .dmg file, save this file in your computer.
  2. Once the download has completed to your Downloads folder, double-click the DMG file to mount it. (Some browsers may offer the option to automatically open the DMG file for you.)
  3. Drag the Audacity.app icon rightwards onto the Applications folder shortcut.
  4. You can also drag Audacity.app out of the DMG to any other location. You need the administrator password to copy Audacity to Applications.
  5. Launch Audacity.app from Applications or from your chosen location.

For Smartphones

Download "Mixpad Multitrack Mixer Free" app for your smartphones.

Working with the application

You need an audio interface to use Audacity. If you will record audio with Audacity, you must have at least one microphone connected to your audio interface. You do not need a microphone to edit existing audio files.

Obtaining Audio from different sources

Audio files can be obtained from many different sources such as audio recorders in phone, camera, or laptops devices and transferred to a laptop to edit them using Audacity. The audio recording in laptops can be done using Audacity which is explained in Step 3 below.

Recording with Audacity

Step 3

To start recording, click the red record button in the Toolbar as shown in the left image. Begin talking or playing any audio and continue for as long as you want. When you feel you've recorded enough, click the yellow stop button. Until you stop the recording, other functions on the Menu and Toolbar will be disabled. You can record audio playing on your computer itself, or playing in another external audio device

Importing audio and multiple tracks

To import audio, click File -> Import -> Audio from the menu as shown in the first image above. Choose the music file from your computer, and then click on Open. Once you import an audio clip it will appear in Audacity as an audio track as you can see in the second image. If you want to add multiple tracks, you can do so by clicking on Tracks -> Add new -> Audio track from the Menu as shown in the same second image. With the use of multiple tracks, you can record and at the same time import several audio tracks to work in Audacity as shown in the third image above. See below animation to know the steps to import second track.
Import 2nd audio track to Audacity.gif

Basic audio editing

Similar to how we do cut (or copy) paste a selection of text in a text document, we can cut (copy) and paste a selection of audio in an audio file in Audacity. To delete a part of the track, we can select the area of the track we wish to delete as shown in the first image above and then press delete key on the keyboard to delete. To move a part of the audio to another place on the same track or to another track, we need to select it first as we did before and then click on the cut icon on the toolbar as shown in the second image. Then the same audio can be pasted by clicking on the paste icon on the toolbar as shown in the third image above. The usual keyboard shortcuts for cut(Ctrl+X), copy(Ctrl+C) and paste(Ctrl+V) will also work on Audacity. Once you are done with editing, the final audio can be exported to any audio format from the Menu by clicking on File->Export and then Save.

Repeat an Already-Recorded Segment

You can repeat a segment of audio that is already recorded.

  1. Click Selection Tool, then select a portion of audio.
  2. Choose EditCopy or press Control+c in your keyboard.
  3. Click in a track near where you want the copy to start playing.
  4. Choose EditPaste or press Control+v in your keyboard.
  5. You can repeat this steps to repeat as many times you want, by using copy, paste feature.

Adjusting the volume of the audio

Occasionally, you may find that recordings are either too quiet or of poor quality once you come to edit them. This can be remedied to a certain degree in Audacity.

To amplify the clip select the track which you want to increase (amplify) the volume, go to ‘Effect’ tab from the top of the screen and choose ‘Amplify’ from the drop-down menu and Finally, use the slider in the new dialogue box to tell Audacity how much you wish to amplify your clip and click ‘OK to apply. You have to select "allow clipping" to increase the volume. See below animation to use amplify function to adjust the volume,
Use amplify to adjust volume of the track.gif

Removing noise

"Noise" is part of an audio signal that is not the intended signal. When you listen to music on the radio, you can hear the music, and usually also some noise. When computers record or play audio, the electronic components sometimes create extra noise. Sometimes it can be your background noise recorded your audio.

In order to remove ‘noise,’ we must first tell Audacity what the ‘noise’ sounds. Do this by selecting a portion of the audio where nobody is talking and noise has recorded – like a break in the conversation, so you just get the ‘noise’.

  1. Choose EffectNoise Removal. The "Noise Removal" window appears. Click Get Profile. The Noise Removal tool uses the selected audio as an example of the noise to remove.
  2. Select the whole track.
  3. Open the "Noise Removal" window. Click OK. The Noise Removal tool processes the audio. The Noise Removal tool is not effective in this example because most of the signal is noise.

Fade a section in or fade it out

Audacity has tools to fade in and out. When you "fade in," it means to gradually increase the volume level from silence to the original level. When you "fade out," it means to gradually decreased the volume level from the original level to silence. Professional recordings of concerts often fade out after a song, while the audience applauds. Fading out avoids an abrupt stop at the end of the recording, because the volume level is decreased gradually to silence.

  1. Click Selection Tool, then select a portion of audio to fade in or out.
  2. Choose EffectFade In or EffectFade Out.

Generally fade in at the beginning of an audio segment, and fade out at the end of an audio segment. You can use Audacity to create special effects if you fade in or fade out in the middle of an audio segment. You can make a surprising effect by setting Audacity to fade in or out over a few second, then adding the opposite fade inside the first fade.

Advanced features

Audacity is a full-fledge audio editor which has many advanced features. This page lists tutorials that provide step-by-step instructions for performing all the interesting things with audio in Audacity.

Saving and exporting to different formats

Audacity saves its data in a format that only Audacity can use. Audacity saves more information than just the audio files, and this information cannot be stored in conventional audio files like OGG, MP3, or WAV.

When you want to share your work, or use it in another application, you must export it. When you "export" audio, Audacity converts the Audacity-only file into a conventional audio file. Audacity does not delete the original Audacity-only file, but the exported file cannot be converted into the Audacity-only format.

  1. SAVE PROJECT: All the edits including files can be saved in uncompressed, lossless quality using the AU format. An AUP project file is created, along with a folder with the same name as the AUP file that contains the project's audio data. For example, if you save a project as independence day.aup, a folder called independence day_data will contain the audio data. We can save the AUP project file with keyboard Ctrl+S shortcut or through File -> Save Project from the Menu.
  2. EXPORT AUDIO: FOllow the below steps
    1. Choose FileExport.
    2. Select the format, filename, and directory of the audio that will be exported. Click Save when you are finished.
    3. Depending on which format you choose, the "Metadata" window appears. You can input this information if you wish (Don't forget mention creative common license under the comment setion. In this way you will other to reuse your audio).
    4. Audacity processes the audio to export. This may take some time, depending on the audio.

List of all available export formats supported by Audacity can be found here.

Ideas for resource creation

This tool can be used to create own voice recordings, modify existing audio as per academic requirements and to mix multiple audio files together to create educational resources.

References

  1. Audacity Wikipedia page
  2. Audacity Manual
  3. gloucestershire.gov.uk

Video Tutorials