Audacity is a free and open source multi-track audio editor and recorder. Audacity is a high-quality sound recording application, designed to be easy to use. It works on GNU/Linux, Windows, Mac OS X and other operating systems. We recommend Audacity to most computer users, because it is simple and has many features and capabilities
|ICT Competency||It is a generic audio resource creation and editing tool.|
|Educational application and relevance||You can use this tool to create own voice recordings, modify existing audio recordings as per your academic requirements. You can mix multiple audio's together to create educational resources.|
|Version||Audacity Version 3.1.3|
|Other similar applications||
Ardour, Qtractor, or Rosegarden tools can be used for audio resource creation.
|The application on mobiles and tablets||Ringdroid using Fdroid|
|Development and community help||Audacity Team|
Overview of Features
Audacity features importing and exporting of various audio formats such as wav, aiff, mp3, ogg, vorbis. It enables to record and playback sounds. Sound effects can be added in variety of ways. Editing is possible via cut, copy, and paste, with unlimited levels of undo. It supports multitrack features including navigation controls, zoom and single-track edit, project pane, audio file manipulation etc.
For Windows OS
- To install Audacity in Windows OS click this link and click on "Audacity windows Installer" to download .exe file, save this file in your computer.
- You can save Audacity executable (.exe) to your desktop or to a folder.
- Double-click on Audacity executable to begin the installation.
- Click "Yes" when asked. "Do you want to allow this app from an unknown publisher to make changes to your PC?".
- Choose "English" when asked to select the language to use during installation and click "OK".
- Close any other opened programs before clicking "Next" in the audacity Installation window.
- Read the information section on licenses, Click "Next"
- Click "Next" on the Select Destination installer window, Click "Next" in the "Desktop Icon" screen.
- Click "Install" The installation wizard will now show a progress bar during the installation
Note: After you installed Audacity in your windows computer, you need to install this .mp3 plugin to export your audio in mp3 format. Without installing this you will not be able to export audio in .ogg, .wav and any other audio format.
For Ubuntu OS
- The application is part of the Ubuntu custom distribution.
- In case you do not find it on your computer, you can install by typing
Audacityon the top search bar in the Software Center.
- If you would like to install through the terminal follow these steps below:
- Open terminal by clicking "Applications --> System Tools --> Terminal" or through Keyboard shortcut
- In the terminal window, type below command and press enter to start the installation by providing your machine password:
sudo apt-get install audacity
- Open terminal by clicking "Applications --> System Tools --> Terminal" or through Keyboard shortcut
For MAC OS
- Go to this link and click on "Audacity macOS DMG" to download .dmg file, save this file in your computer.
- Once the download is completed and the downloaded file has been saved in your Downloads folder, double-click the DMG file to mount it. (Some browsers may offer the option to automatically open the DMG file for you.)
- Drag the Audacity.app icon rightwards onto the Applications folder shortcut.
- You can also drag Audacity.app out of the DMG to any other location. You need the administrator password to copy Audacity to Applications.
- Launch Audacity.app from Applications or from your chosen location.
Working with the application
You need an audio interface to use Audacity. If you will record audio with Audacity, you must have at least one microphone connected to your audio interface and you need speaker to listen and edit existed audio file.
Obtaining Audio from different sources
Audio files can be obtained from many different sources such as audio recorders in phone, camera, or laptops devices and transferred to a laptop to edit them using Audacity. The audio recording in laptops can be done using Audacity which is explained in "Step 3" Screenshot.
Testing the Mic and Speaker
- Since Audacity deals with recording, we need to take care of the Mic and Speaker settings first. A very simple method to check and monitor the audio levels in the Audacity software is as follows.
- In the above picture you can observe there is an option near the toolbar that is, "Click to Start Monitoring". Once you click on that it will show you the levels of Mic audio. At this time, you can try your mic by speaking something just to verify your hardware peripheral is working fine. If the levels in audio varies that means the device is working without any issue. If the levels are not varying then there must be some issue with your hardware.
- To test the speaker you can look at the levels in right side of this "Mic monitoring". If your output device and all its settings are well and good then it shows the levels of output audio.
Recording with Audacity
To start recording, click the "Red record" button in the Toolbar as shown in the left image. Begin talking or playing any audio and continue for as long as you want. When you feel you've recorded enough, click the "Yellow stop" button. Until you stop the recording, other functions on the Menu and Toolbar will be disabled. You can record audio playing on your computer itself, or playing in another external audio device.
Importing audio and multiple tracks
Audacity allows you to import more than one tracks to the audio thereby making your audio more effective and attractive.
For example, If you are narrating a story, effects related to the elements of the story can be added at the required positions. Even the background music can be added which does not make your audio boring.
- To import audio, click "File --> Import --> Audio" from the menu as shown in the first image above. Choose the music file from your computer, and then click on "Open". Once you import an audio clip it will appear in Audacity as an audio track as you can see in the second image.
- If you want to add multiple tracks, you can do so by clicking on "Tracks --> Add new --> Audio track" from the Menu as shown in the same second image. With the use of multiple tracks, you can record and at the same time import several audio tracks to work in Audacity as shown in the third image above.
See below animation to know the steps to import second track.
Basic audio editing
Similar to how we do cut (or copy) paste a selection of text in a text document, we can cut (copy) and paste a selection of audio in an audio file in Audacity. To delete a part of the track, we can select the area of the track we wish to delete as shown in the first image above and then press "Delete" key on the keyboard to delete. To move a part of the audio to another place on the same track or to another track, we need to select it first as we did before and then click on the cut icon on the toolbar as shown in the second image. Then the same audio can be pasted by clicking on the paste icon on the toolbar as shown in the third image above. The usual keyboard shortcuts for "Cut" (
Ctrl+X), "Copy" (
Ctrl+C) and "Paste" (
Ctrl+V) will also work on Audacity. Once you are done with editing, the final audio can be exported to any audio format from the Menu by clicking on "File -->Export" and then "Save".
Repeat an Already-Recorded Segment
You can repeat a segment of audio that is already recorded.
- Click "Selection Tool", then select a portion of audio.
- Choose "Edit --> Copy" or press Ctrl+C in your keyboard.
- Click in a track near where you want the copy to start playing.
- Choose "Edit --> Paste" or press Ctrl+V in your keyboard.
- You can repeat this steps to repeat as many times you want, by using copy, paste feature.
Zoom in and Zoom out tracks
Sometimes it may be required to zoom in and zoom out the particular segment in the audio. To do this, there is an option in toolbar icon for both as marked in the image. You can keep on click '+' to zoom in and '-' to zoom out respectively.
Adjusting the volume of the audio
Occasionally, you may find that recordings are either too quiet or of poor quality once you come to edit them. This can be remedied to a certain degree in Audacity.
To amplify the clip select the track which you want to increase (amplify) the volume, go to "Effect" tab from the top of the screen and choose "Amplify" from the drop-down menu and Finally, use the slider in the new dialogue box to tell Audacity how much you wish to amplify your clip and click "OK" to apply.
You have to select "Allow clipping" to increase the volume. See below animation to use amplify function to adjust the volume,
Changing the Pitch, Speed and Tempo
Pitch change option changes the pitch of your original recording without changing its speed. This is useful when you have some conversation in your recording involving more than one person. You can make your normal voice to be a magnetic voice, cartoon voice, male to female voice and viceversa and many more depending on the value given as input.
Change Speed option changes the speed of a selection which affects its tempo, pitch and frequency. When reducing speed, all frequencies become lower. When increasing speed, all frequencies become higher.
Change Tempo option changes the tempo and thus the length or duration of a selection, without changing its pitch.
Basic difference between Speed and Tempo is that Speed affects the pitch whereas Tempo does not!
Pitch: Audacity allows you to change the pitch of the entire audio or a part of it. You can directly mention the percentage of change which the music file expects or can change if having some basic idea of pitch notes in music. For changing the pitch you can click on "Effects--> Change pitch". In the dialogue box you can simply increase and decrease the slider to change the pitch. You can preview the changes you made to the portion of the audio by clicking on "Preview", Click "OK" if changes are final.
Speed: You can change the speed of the audio by clicking on "Effects-->Change Speed". It shows the multiplier column where you can put the value and those much of time audio gets the speed also you can move the slider to adjust the speed. You can preview the changes you made to the portion of the audio by clicking on "Preview", Click "OK" if changes are final.
Tempo: You can also change the tempo of the audio by clicking on "Effects -->Change Tempo". It also shows the multiplier option, beats per minute and Length of the selected portion options. Here you can change according to your needs and You can preview the changes you made to the portion of the audio by clicking on "Preview", Click "OK" if changes are final.
Adding Echo Effect to the music
You can include Echo effect on to your audio by clicking on "Effects-->Echo". Delay Time indicates the amount of delay between the echoes, Delay Factor increases or decreases the amplitude or loudness of the each echo.
Noise is part of an audio signal that is not the intended signal. When you listen to music on the radio, you can hear the music, and usually also some noise. When computers record or play audio, the electronic components sometimes create extra noise. Sometimes it can be your background noise recorded your audio.
In order to remove ‘noise,’ we must first tell Audacity what the ‘noise’ sounds. Do this by selecting a portion of the audio where nobody is talking and noise has recorded – like a break in the conversation, so you just get the ‘noise’.
- Choose "Effect --> Noise Removal". The "Noise Removal" window appears. Click Get Profile. The Noise Removal tool uses the selected audio as an example of the noise to remove.
- Select the whole track.
- Open the "Noise Removal" window. Click "OK". The Noise Removal tool processes the audio. The Noise Removal tool is not effective in this example because most of the signal is noise.
Fade a section in or fade it out
Audacity has tools to fade in and out. When you "fade in," it means to gradually increase the volume level from silence to the original level. When you "fade out," it means to gradually decreased the volume level from the original level to silence. Professional recordings of concerts often fade out after a song, while the audience applauds. Fading out avoids an abrupt stop at the end of the recording, because the volume level is decreased gradually to silence.
- Click "Selection Tool", then select a portion of audio to fade in or out.
- Choose "Effect --> Fade In" or "Effect --> Fade Out".
Generally fade in at the beginning of an audio segment, and fade out at the end of an audio segment. You can use Audacity to create special effects if you fade in or fade out in the middle of an audio segment. You can make a surprising effect by setting Audacity to fade in or out over a few second, then adding the opposite fade inside the first fade.
Saving and exporting to different formats
Audacity saves its data in a format that only Audacity can use. Audacity saves more information than just the audio files, and this information cannot be stored in conventional audio files like OGG, MP3, or WAV.
When you want to share your work, or use it in another application, you must export it. When you "export" audio, Audacity converts the Audacity-only file into a conventional audio file. Audacity does not delete the original Audacity-only file, but the exported file cannot be converted into the Audacity-only format.
- Save Project: All the edits including files can be saved in uncompressed, lossless quality using the "AUP" format. An "AUP" project file is created, along with a folder with the same name as the AUP file that contains the project's audio data. For example, if you save a project as
independence day.aup, a folder called
independence day_datawill contain the audio data. We can save the "AUP" project file with keyboard
Ctrl+Sshortcut or through "File --> Save Project" from the Menu.
- Export Audio: Audio can be exported to many formats such as mp3, ogg, wav. According to your need you can export the audio.
- Choose "File --> Export".
- Select the format, filename, and directory of the audio that will be exported. Click "Save" when you are finished.
- Depending on which format you choose, the "Metadata" window appears. You can input this information if you wish (Don't forget mention creative common license under the comment section. In this way you will other to reuse your audio). Metadata basically contains information about the Audio that is exported. Artist name, Track title, Album title, Track number, Year, Genre and Comments are included here. They are optional.
- Audacity processes the audio to export. This may take some time, depending on the audio.
List of all available export formats supported by Audacity can be found here.
Audacity is a full-fledged audio editor which has many advanced features. Click This page which lists tutorials that provide step-by-step instructions for performing all the interesting things with audio in Audacity.
Ideas for resource creation
This tool can be used to create own voice recordings, modify existing audio as per academic requirements and to mix multiple audio files together to create educational resources.